Social Injustice in Business Environment: Causes and Solutions

In addition to the problems of poverty, unemployment, regional imbalances, influence, and parallel economy, and industrial sickness; There is another important problem of economic development social injustice.

Its main reason is that the developing countries have not made the sincere efforts required for the solution of the problem.

social injustice in business environment
social injustice in business environment

Illiteracy, conservative attitude, blind faith, lack of economic resources, and other factors are the main hindrances in removing social injustice in developing countries.

If a country does not make adequate efforts to provide social justice to its citizens then all the dimensions of its economic development will remain incomplete.

None of the countries of the world can claim that she has totally abolished social injustice.

Yet this problem is more accurate in developing countries as compared to developed nations.

The principal objective of development planning is human development and the attainment of a higher standard of living for the people.

This requires a more equitable distribution of development benefits and opportunities, a better living environment, and empowerment of the poor and marginalized. There is a special need to empower women who can act as catalysts for change.

In making the development process inclusive, the challenges are to formulate policies and programs to bridge regional, social, and economic disparities in an effective and sustainable manner possible.

Indicators of Social Injustice in Business Environment

It is essential to identify the indicators of social injustice for the removal of this problem.

By and large, an inference can be drawn on the basis of the following indicators of whether the citizens of the country are getting Social Justice.

1. Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a major indicator of Social Justice. HDI depends upon several factors such as education, health, and the provision of basic social infrastructure.

The Human Development Report (HDR) published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) estimates the HDI in terms of three basic compatibilities:

  • To live a long and healthy life.
  • To be educated and knowledgeable, and
  • To enjoy a decent economic standard of living.

There has been significant progress in human development in the world as reflected in broad indicators such as the improvements registered in educational attainment, Health coverage, and provision of basic social infrastructure.

2. Gender Inequality Index

In terms of the gender inequality index GII.

GII captures the Lost in achievement due to gender disparities in the areas of reproductive health, empowerment, And Labour force participation with values ranging from 0 (perfect equality) to 1 (total inequality).

3. Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM)

The status of Social Justice can also be evaluated on the basis of the index of Gender Empowerment Measure.

Empowerment of women is closely linked to opportunities they have in education, health, economics, and political participation.

The government has been operationalizing this approach through legislative and programmatic interventions as well as by mainstreaming gender into the development planning process.

4. Poverty

Higher poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy, and low human resource development.

In other words, a high level of poverty is an indicator of social injustice.

5. Labour and Employment

The situation of labor and employment in the country is also an important indicator of social justice and an important objective of development planning in the world has been to provide for increasing employment opportunities not only to meet the backlog of unemployed but also the new additions to the labor force.

6. Education

Education is universally recognized as the central component of ‘human capital’.

The high level of education promotes Social Justice.

Education not only plays a significant role in removing social injustice but it also contributes to economic growth.

The impact of education on Population control, life expectancy, infant mortality, improving nutritional status, and strength training Institutions is well organized.

Moreover, The social rates of return on investments in all levels of education much exceed the long-term opportunity cost of capital.

7. Population

The population is also an important indicator of Social Justice.

If a country or region has more population density due to unemployment Social Justice may exist there.

Due to overpopulation several problems like hunger, unemployment, illiteracy, socioeconomic disparities, etc. Will prove as a hindrance in providing social justice.

The higher rate of population growth in the world has proved to be fuel to the fire. It has enhanced several area problems such as poverty, unemployment, Illiteracy, disparities, and lack of health facilities and infrastructure.

Therefore it is an important indicator of Social justice. Hence, it is most desirable for providing Social justice that the high rate of population growth is controlled as early as possible.

To increase in population along with other factors has caused a severe problem of increasing unemployment in rural areas.

Hence, villagers keep migrating every year to urban areas and big cities in search of employment.

It has increased population pressure in urban areas, particularly in big cities.

8. Water Supply and Sanitation

The provision of safe drinking water supply and sanitation facilities is a basic necessity of life and a crucial input in achieving the goal of Social justice and ‘Health For All’.

The provision of safe drinking water and sanitation is the subject of a state and is the primary responsibility of the state.

However, the central government has been supplementing the states through financial and Technological inputs under centrally sponsored schemes.

9. Empowerment of Socially Disadvantaged Groups

There are some groups in society who have to face inconvenient situations.

These groups include the people of scheduled caste and Scheduled Tribes, religious and linguistic minorities, socially and educationally backward classes, The aged, the physically challenged, and also social defense and Juvenile social maladjustment.

Social injustice can be stopped by empowering all these groups.

The ministry of social justice and empowerment is undertaking social several welfare programs for the empowerment of socially disadvantaged groups.

How to Remove Social Injustice in Business Environment

Policies and Programmes undertaken in recent years with a special focus on various components of social sectors have yielded positive results in terms of improvement in basic socio-demographic indicators, quality of life, reduction of overall poverty levels, and increased access to basic necessities of life.

However, sustained efforts are still needed to reduce the visible disparities among states, between rural and urban areas, and between males and females.

To promote Social justice and eradicate injustice in world society following suggestions are offered:

1. Women’s Empowerment

Empowering world women is the foremost requirement for ending social injustice.

At least 40% of seats should be reserved for women in Municipal councilors, legislative assemblies, and Parliament.

Thus, the political empowerment of women will help them improve their social-economic conditions.

2. Increase in Educational Facilities

Educational facilities should be raised For spreading literacy and improving the level of education in the world.

It should be ensured that at least 10% of the GDP is spent on education.

For removing social injustice not on the level of literacy be raised but almost attention should be paid to the quality of education.

3. Population Control

The increasing population is one of the most important reasons for Social injustice in the whole world.

It is a mockery that those sections of world society have a higher rate of population growth which is deprived of social justice.

Hence, their population is controlled by educating them and providing facilities and resources for population control.

4. Increase in Employment Opportunities

Employment opportunities should be increased by removing unemployment.

More emphasis should be given to the development of Agriculture and the tertiary sector for this purpose.

These areas have ample scope for employment generation.

5. Removal of Poverty

About 37% of the country’s population is below the poverty line.

Special attention will have to be paid to eradicating poverty in those States which have a vulnerable situation in this regard. education about will help in promoting Social Justice.

6. Infrastructure Development

Several areas of the country are still very backward so far as the development of infrastructure is concerned.

Therefore, infrastructural facilities such as electricity, water supply, sanitation, telecommunication, transport, education, medical facilities, etc. Should be developed at a rapid pace.

The development of infrastructure will help in removing social injustice.

7. Development of Slums

The existence of slums at a large scale in the country Is an important indicator of social injustice.

The Government Should start a special campaign for the rehabilitation of slum dwellers into a healthy environment.

All the basic amenities should be provided to slum dwellers.

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